Amritsar city is one of the cities of the Punjab state in India. This city was founded by the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das in 1574 on land bought by him
for 700 rupees from the owners of the village of Tung. Earlier Guru Ram Das had begun building Santokhsar Sarovar, near the village of Sultanwind in 1564.
It could not be completed before 1588. In 1574, Guru Ram Das built his residence and moved to this place. At that time, it was known as Guru Ki Nagri.
(Later, it came to be known as Ramdaspur) Amritsar is dominated by the history of Sikhs and many of their sacred shrines are found in and around the city.
It was established by Guru Ramdas. The city has one of the most prominent Shrine of Sikhs "The Harimandir Sahib" popularly known as Golden Temple.
Amritsar's central walled city has narrow zig zag streets mostly developed in the 17th and 18th century. The city is a peculiar example of an introverted
planning system wit unique areas called Katras. The Katras are self styled residential units that provided unique defence system during attacks on the
city. The city was attacked numerous times during the 18th century mainly by Afghan invaders as it was considered the spiritual centre of Sikhs.
The city lies on the main Grand Trunk Road, a well laid medieval Highway that runs through the whole of the northern half of the Indian subcontinentfrom
Bangladesh to Delhi then passing through Amritsar connecting it to Lahore in Pakistan and kabul in Afghanistan. The city is also connected to most other
major cities such as New Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta by an extensive network of rail system. The city also provides air connectivity to major Indian cities,
as well as international cities such as Toronto, Dubai, Singapore, London from its airport, Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport. The airport is
being developed for increasing demand in future; a new International inbound & outbound terminal is operational and cargo terminal is also under
construction. The city is the administrative center for the Amritsar District. Amritsar was developed from a small pool in a dense forest to the largest
commercial center in the northwestern indian subcontinent, a position it retained till the partition of indian in 1947. However,
it did grew much afterwards to become the industrial center of india owing to its proximity to the volatile Indo-Pak border.